Private Duygu Hospital

Biochemistry

Biochemistry is a branch of science that studies the chemical components and processes of living organisms. This discipline represents the combination of biology and chemistry and uses the principles of chemistry to understand the basic building blocks and metabolic reactions of living things. Biochemistry studies the chemical reactions that occur inside cells, the functions of enzymes, the structure of proteins, the metabolism of lipids, and how nucleic acids function as genetic material.

CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY LABORATORY

In our laboratory, where many different tests are performed, we serve our patients 24 hours a day with a microbiology and clinical microbiology specialist, 6 laboratory assistants, 1 secretary and 2 assistant staff.

Endocrinology

It is the department where hormones work. Tests that help evaluate our body’s vitamin levels and hormonal status, as well as tests that screen for genetic-based diseases of the unborn baby in pregnant women, are some of the parameters studied in this department.

coagulation

Tests that evaluate blood clotting and help interpret bleeding coagulation disorders are included in this group.

Hematology

Blood count (hemoglobin, hematocrit), evaluation of red blood cells (red cells), white blood cells (white cells) and all other blood cells in the blood can be given as examples of tests studied.

Immunology

Tests related to jaundice (hepatitis B, hepatitis C) and some parameters related to some virus and parasitic diseases that are important to follow during pregnancy (such as Toxoplasma, CMV, HSV) are also examined in our laboratory.

Allergy

There are many tests that help determine the existence of allergy, an important problem of our age, and the substances it develops against.

Toxicology

Studies are conducted on various drug levels and the presence of some toxic substances.

Purposes of Biochemistry

The purpose of biochemistry is to understand the structure and functions of cells, to investigate metabolic processes, and to provide information about biochemical reactions. Cells are the basic structural units of living organisms, and biochemistry is essential to understanding how these cells work and how, when combined, they form a complex organism.

Another goal of biochemistry is to investigate metabolic processes. Metabolism is the series of chemical reactions the body performs to produce and use energy. These reactions are necessary to break down nutrients, produce energy, and allow cells to grow and function. Biochemistry is an important tool for understanding metabolic processes and developing new drugs to treat diseases by interfering with these processes.

Biochemistry also aims to provide information regarding biochemical reactions. These reactions occur as a result of the chemical components in cells interacting with each other.

Biochemistry investigates how these reactions occur, what kind of molecular interactions occur, and what products are formed as a result of these interactions. This knowledge can be used in many fields such as medicine, agriculture and industry and can contribute to the development of new technologies.

Subdisciplines of Biochemistry

There are many different fields among the subdisciplines of biochemistry. Among these, enzymology, protein chemistry, lipid chemistry, nucleic acid chemistry and metabolism chemistry have an important place.

Enzymology is a subdiscipline that studies the structure and function of enzymes. Enzymes serve as catalysts in biochemical reactions and play an important role in metabolic processes.

Protein chemistry is a field that investigates the structure and function of proteins. Proteins are the building blocks of cells and take part in many biochemical processes. Protein chemistry includes methods used to analyze the structure of proteins and understand the function of proteins.

Lipid chemistry is the field that studies the structure and function of fats and fat-like molecules. Lipids have many important functions such as energy storage, cell membrane structure and signal transduction. Lipid chemistry includes methods used to understand the structure of lipids and to investigate the role of lipids in biological systems.

Nucleic acid chemistry is the field that studies the structure and function of nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA. Nucleic acids are molecules in which genetic information is stored and transmitted. Nucleic acid chemistry includes methods used to analyze the structure of nucleic acids and investigate processes such as DNA replication and expression of genetic information.

Metabolic chemistry is a subdiscipline that studies metabolic processes. Metabolism encompasses a series of biochemical reactions that include the basic functions of cells, such as energy production, molecular synthesis, and degradation. Metabolic chemistry includes methods used to understand the mechanisms of these reactions and provide information regarding the regulation of metabolic pathways.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is biochemistry?

Biochemistry is a branch of science that studies the chemical components and processes of living organisms.

  • What is the purpose of biochemistry?

The purpose of biochemistry is to understand the structure and functions of cells, to investigate metabolic processes, and to provide information about biochemical reactions.

  • What are the subdisciplines of biochemistry?

Subdisciplines of biochemistry include enzymology, protein chemistry, lipid chemistry, nucleic acid chemistry and metabolic chemistry.

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